Thursday, November 1, 2007

Manga: Sixty Years Of Japanese comics.

This book called Manga: Sixty Years Of Japanese comics by Paul Gravett. The first part of the book they have the hole timeline to manga, anime and events in Japan and how it effected had in Japan and around the world from 1945-2004. Here’s the timeline.


1945: Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki lead to Japan’s surrender in World War II and American occupation. Manga, first post-war cartoon magazine, resumes publication.


1946: New constitution. Sazae-san newspaper strip.


1947: Shin-Takarijima or ‘New Treasure Island’ by Sakai Shichima and Osamu Tezuka published in Osaka, the first original manga in the akabon or ‘red-book’ format and a bestseller. Manga Shonen, founded by Kenichi Kotah, publishes new ’story manga’ artists.


1948: New children’s magazines launched. News censorship ends.


1949: Princess Beanjam.


1950: Tezuka moves to Tokyo and draws Jungle Tatei or ’Kimba the White Lion’ in Manga Shonen, first ’story manga’ serialized in a manga magazine. Korean War starts.


1951: Us-Japan Security Treaty signed.


1952: End of American occupation of Japan. Tezuka’s Astro Boy was serialized in Shonen magazine. Igaguri-kun jodo strip.


1953: Princess Knight in Shojo Club, start of story manga in girls’ magazines. NHK begins broadcasting-but to only 866 TV sets.


1954: Akado Suzunosuke, about a great swordsman who wears a red suit of armour, later adapted into films, radio and TV. Nakayoshi for girls.


1955: Debut of Shotaro Ishinomori in Manga Shonen. Ribon and Nakayoshi monthlies for girls.


1956: Giant robot Tetsujin 28 go aka ‘Gigantor’ by Mitsuteri Yokoyama. Yoshihiro Tatsumi and others set up Kage (’Shadow’) magazine for the rental-library market.


1957: Tatsumi coins the term gekiga for dramatic pictures.


1958: US TV show Superman scores 74.2% ratings in Japan.


1959: First boys’ weeklies Shonen Sunday and Shonen Magazine. Ninja Bugeicho by Shirato. 9 new TV networks begin. Wedding of Crown Prince.


1961: Tezuka sets up animation company Mushi Productions.


1963: Tetsuwan Atom (’Mighty Atom’) by Osamu Tezuka is Japan’s first animated television series with regular characters. Screened as Astro Boy in US. Margaret for girls, Shonen King for boys.


1964: Garo and Cyborg 009. Tokyo Olympics.


1965: Jungle Taitei (‘Jungle Emperor’) by Osamu Tezuka becomes Japan’s first colour animated TV series.


1966: Star of the Giants baseball hit. Omiya Cartoon Art. Museum opens on site of Rakuten Kitazawa’s home. Shonen Magazine reaches 1 million copies.


1967: Manga Action, Young and COM. The Genius Bakabon. 10 August, Lupin III debuts.


1968: Weekly Shonen Jump and Big Comic. Nejishiki by Yoshiharu Tsuge in Garo. Tommorrow’s Joe and Shameless school.


1969: Golgo 13.


1970: Public funeral held for Tori Rikiishi, a character killed in Tommorrow’s Joe. Doraemon and Lone Wolf and Cub.


1972: Mazinger Z, Devilman and Buddha. Rose of Versailles and Poe Clan revolutionize girl’s comics. Big Comic Original.


1973: Black Jack and Barefoot Gen. Manga Erotopia, first erotic gekiga monthly.


1974: Yamagami Tatsuhiko’s crazy comedy GakI Deka (’Boy Detective’) creates a stir for it’s sexual themes. Space Cruiser Yamato, released as Star Blazers in the US in 1979.


1975: Princess and Flowers and Dreams for girls. Yumiko Lgarashi and Kyoko Mizuki’s Candy Candy in Nakayoshi becomes a big hit.


1976: Penguin Food Passion by Terry Johnson and Itoi Shigesato, start of heta-uma or ‘unskilled/skilled’ punk style. Comiket, new fanzine market, begins in Tokyo. Galaxy Express 999 and Mask of Glass. Poem of Wind and Trees establishes ‘boys’ love’ genre.


1977: Leiji Matsumoto’s Captain Harlock. CoroCoro, for young boys, stars Doraemon. Kindai Mahjong Original, first mahjong manga magazine.


1978: June, first ‘boys love’ magazine. Urusei Yatsura, aka Lum, by Rumiko Takahashi. Contemporary Manga Library: Naiki Collection opens in Tokyo. First English-language volume of Barefoot Gen by Keiji Nakazawa published in the US.


1979: Young Jump. Le Cri Qui Tue, first manga translations into French.


1980: Be in Love, first ‘ladies’ comic‘. Big Comic Spirits. Top 5 boys’ weeklies reach 10 million copies.


1982: Akira by Katsuhiro Otomo released as a manga. Nausicaa and Captain Tsubasa. Morning Magazine for men.


1983: Section Chief Kosaku Shima and Fist of the North Star. Black Magic, Masamune Shirow’s dojinshi debut. Manga! Manga! By Frederik L. Schodt, landmark US study.


1984:Comic Baku and Combat Comic. Akira Toriyama’s Dragon Ball. Suehiro Maruo’s Mr. Arashi’s Freakshow.


1985: Banana Fish and City Hunter.


1986: Japan Inc. bestseller. Explains economics. Dragon Ball animated.


1987: Jojo’s Bizarre Adventure and Crying Freeman. Big Comic Superior and afternoon for men. May: Lone and Cub starts translation in US.


1988: Animated Akira by Katsuhiro Otomo released. Akira manga in English and ‘colorized’ from marvel Comics. Shonen Jump’s sales leap over 5 million copies.


1989: Deaths of Osamu Tezuka, Suiho Tagawa and the Emperor. Akira published across Europe. The Silent Service political thriller.


1990: R.G. Veda by Clamp and Slam Dunk. Comic Amour, erotic ‘ladies’ comic’ magazine. A-ha, art manga sponsored by Esso Petroleum. Tezuka retrospective exhibition at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.


1991: Gon, Gunsmith Cats and Ghost in the Shell. First pachinko manga magazines. Great Manga Exhibition at National Diet library, Tokyo. Radical Boredom manga exhibit at Pomeroy Purdey, London.


1992: Big Comic Gold. Visions of the Floating World exhibition at the Cartoon Art Museum, San Francisco. Sailor Moon.


1993: Yan Mama Comic, manga of young mothers.


1994: Detective Conan. Osamu Tezuka Manga Museum opens in Takarazuka. Shonen Jump sells 6.53 million copies, record figure.


1995: Manga book and magazine sales peak at over 2.3 billion copies. Evangelion manga and anime. Ghost in the Shell.


1996: Yu-Gi-oh! Us publishers TokyoPop founded.


1997: One Piece and Pokemon.


1998: AX magazine, Vagabond and Love Hina. Chains of Manga cafes open.


2000: Kyoto Seika University creates first department of comic art.


2002: 2.6 million copies of One Piece voloume, record first-edition print run. Shigeru Sugiura dies. December 18: Raijin, first US manga weekly.


2003: April 7, Astro Boy awakes! Shonen Jump US monthly. Hayao Miyazaki’s Spirited Away wins Oscar for best Animated Film. Jiro Taniguchi wins awards at France’s Angouleme Festival.

2004: January 13, Misshitsu pornographic manga ruled obscene.

Who says that the super hero stuff doesn’t do well in Japan. It did on TV in Japan in 1958 at least.

No comments: